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Deciding whether to use tu (you – familiar) or vous (you – polite) when addressing a French person is easy: use tu with a close friend or a youngster, and vous with someone you want to show respect to. Compare: ‘Tu es libre?’ (‘Are you free?’ – familiar) and ‘Vous êtes libre?’ (‘Are you free?’ – respectful). Vous can also be used to address several people.
You will find it safer when speaking Japanese to use either the most polite or the polite forms of the negative.
Of course there are ‘hole in the wall’ cash dispensers/ATMs with easily understood instructions in the main European languages. They can be found outside all banks and many supermarkets and are clearly labelled ‘Minibank’.
Babies don’t need lots of toys, but it’s a good idea to buy a couple with interesting sounds, colours or textures. Hold these in front of your baby to attract their attention and encourage them to reach out to touch them.
Muslims should not be involved in persecuting or harassing the people of other faiths or their places of worship. The Prophet’s charter at Madinah gave every faith the right to security under Islamic governance, and freedom of worship.
Most infinitives (the ‘to do’ form of the verb) end in a soft sign (ь). Here’s a particularly intriguing infinitive which involves борщ (beetroot soup): переб о рщить. Literally, this means ‘to make too much beetroot soup’, but it is used in the sense of ‘to go too far, to go over the top’.
As I make a lot of prints, I tend to store them sandwiched between large sheets of archival tissue paper. This is available cheaply in packs of 500 sheets and can be ordered from stationers or auction websites such as eBay.
Tests can be set up to check for the presence or absence of a constituent: for example, NP tests can test for an NP (noun phrase).
When learning chess techniques many people are taught that Knight’s move as ‘two squares forward then one to the side’ or ‘one square straight, then one diagonally’ but no real chess player sees it like that. Just look at all the squares a Knight can go to from one central square and you’ll soon grasp it.
The -wu- in the above examples is the variant form of the subject concord of the second person singular u- . It becomes -wu- as a result of the rapid pronunciation of a- + u- .
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